Understanding High Voltage (HV) AND Electromagnetic Radiation (EMF-EMR)Fields.
Quick Link Understanding of ELECTRICAL PRESENCE EMF EMR and RF Fields
Affect on Property Value
Knowledgeable and educated buyers are now having the presence of HV, EMF and EMR and other suspect fields (ionizing and non-ionizing) present investigated. Unfortunately there are homes and complete developments quietly being sold unknown to buyers (there is no requirement for reporting) in fields as much a 100 times than normal. Many are quietly selling in areas where power sources are visually present. It is highly suggested that buyers survey the neighborhood especially in areas routinely blocked by fences, bushes and trees. Ask questions - It is Your responsibility since NO ONE VOLUNTEERS SUCH INFORMATION because there is NO REQUIRMENT TO DO SO. Call us we may already have investigated, measured and sampled all the possible fields present in and about the property you are considering to purchase and may be able to provide free guidance.
If there is a potential presence of EMF/EMR or RF exposure risk it is highly advisable to have such areas quietly and confidentially investigated even before your general home inspection.
IMPORTANT Seller/Homeowner Information
"I have a home near a suspect EMF/EMR presence. What should I do?"
FIRST! Understand that EMF and EMR are completely different and must be so understood and investigated by experienced, qualified and fully knowledgeable or otherwise certified experts. Understanding the EMF/EMR and related phenomena is rarely understood even by power or electronic engineers. The level of scientific integration and the matrix of knowledge and experience is the only means of having all the questions answered including those of clinical relevancy. Our expertise is unmatched. Talk to us and you will know - have studied EMF/EMR since 1972.
Have your home and properly with utmost confidentially investigated for such presence. We can and will provide you with a written report with all the information you need to understand, manage, mitigate eliminate any areas of interest concern or risk. Our reports are only written for you and not for any public record. Keeping it quite is in your own best interest. With each confidential investigation and report we will give you practical guidance of high value.
IMPORTANT HEALTH EFFECTS FROM EMF/EMR
Experiencing loss of joy or depression in an area where you suspect electromagnetic radiation such as at home or at work? You may be experiencing EMD. See: Depression from or due to Electromagnetic Dysthymia
What you don’t know may hurt you. Determine if Safe Distances exist between you and powerful electronic fields both from outdoor and indoor sources by our certified and licensed HV EMF EMR engineers, analysts and technicians trained to identify, locate hidden and potentially dangerous sources of electromagnetic radioactive fields. Our professional certified RF engineers (RCA Institute) and scientists are fully experienced in this highly specialized area and will provide a detailed report of findings.
NOTE: HIGH DANGER MAY BE PRESENT
Painless and severe injury and possible death may occur within minutes under some circumstances. Injury from exposure and illness may not be experienced or noted for hours or days later being dose dependent (ask us-our medical experts will tell you how).
We have identified fields from 20 to 40 times the normal range and up to 5 times the danger level that were later confirmed and verified by third parties.
The fact is very little of this information is published and when it is published one must clear the fog of the technical language and the applied health effect. Our experts are certified, experienced and fully understand every aspect of the EMF/ EMR phenomena and their related health affects.
CAUTION LINK: DO NOT ATTEMPT YOUR OWN TESTING
Health Risks from EMF and EMR Recognized Worldwide
Exposure to HV EMF/EMR and other fields is well understood (See United Nations WHO page). Our scientists will scientifically test, sample, measure and provide a competent (30+ years experience) report with findings and risk assessment. Research has repeatedly shown higher incidences of Leukemia Cancers ( PDF download) in both children and adults, blood disorders, affecting reproduction and the central nervous system, human cell division and the immune system.
Note: There may also be an unknown or unintended prior presence of electronic monitoring.
Commercial Professional Scientific Investigations and Inspections for HV EMF & EMR at WORK
We often investigate the workplace including medical, technical and manufacturing facilities for radiation and especially heat radiation from possible overloaded high voltage or overdrawn electrical wiring with infrared technologies. See our commercial page here.
ADDTIONAL NOTES ON EMF EMR FROM UNITED STATES EPA
Electronic Magnetic Fields In Your Environment
The potential for strong 50-60 Hz exposure in home and near power lines should be investigated especially for those that have unknown, older or foreign implants.
Mention of trade names, products, or services does not convey, and should not be interpreted as conveying, official EPA approval, endorsement, or recommendation.
CONTENTSEMF In Your Environment What Are Electric and Magnetic Fields? The Electromagnetic Spectrum Hertz Electric and Magnetic Fields Other Electromagnetic Frequencies Potential Health Concerns Associated With Electric and Magnetic Fields Magnetic Field Measurements of Everyday Electrical Devices Appliances and Magnetic Field Strength How Magnetic Field Measurements Were Taken Tables How Can I Use This Information Appendix A Technical Notes Data Sources Appendix B Additional Reading and Information Sources
EMF IN YOUR ENVIRONMENT
What are electric and magnetic fields (EMFs)? What common EMF sources do we encounter during a typical day? This publication compares the strength of 60 hertz magnetic fields produced by common electrical items and shows you how their strength diminishes as you move farther away from them.
We still have a great deal to learn about electric and magnetic fields (EMFs). We really don't know if typical, everyday exposures to EMFs affect human health. Some studies indicate that they might -- others suggest otherwise. Most of the recent research on possible biological effects of 60 hertz EMFs suggests that the magnetic, rather than the electric, fields are more likely to produce significant effects. Therefore, this publication focuses on them. The information presented here has to do with the strength of the magnetic field; however, we aren't certain that the strength of the field is the only important consideration. It may turn out that other factors are also important, such as how long the exposure lasts or whether particular characteristics of the field change rapidly. Future research is likely to reveal that the information given in this publication is only part of the story -- that is the chance we take in providing a public information document this early in the study of a complex environmental health issue.
What Are Electric and Magnetic Fields?
Electric charges create electric fields. Electric charges which move (i.e., electric current) create magnetic fields. An appliance that is plugged in, and therefore connected to a source of electricity, has an electric field even when the appliance is turned off. To produce a magnetic field, however, the appliance must be not only plugged in, but also operating, so that the current is flowing.
This illustrates the point that the higher the frequency, the shorter the wavelength. The wavelengths are infinitely long at the bottom and infinitesimally short at the top of the spectrum so, obviously, the drawing cannot be done to scale.
The electric current we use in our everyday life produces certain kinds of electric and magnetic fields. There are many other kinds of electric and magnetic fields as well, found throughout nature. The term "electromagnetic" field implies that the electric and magnetic fields are interrelated.
These fields can be characterized by either their wavelength or their frequency, which are related. The amount of energy an electric or magnetic field can carry depends on the frequency and wavelength of the field. The wavelength describes how far it is between one peak on the wave and the next peak. The frequency, measured in hertz, describes how many wave peaks pass by in one second of time.
The Electromagnetic Spectrum
If you take all the different kinds of electromagnetic fields we know about and place them on a chart, from the lowest frequency (i.e., lowest energy) to the highest, you have a chart of the electromagnetic spectrum. (See chart on the previous page.) The low end of the spectrum includes electric and magnetic fields produced by everyday electrical appliances. At the top of the spectrum are X-rays and gamma rays.
When you hear about "EMFs" in the news media, the term usually refers to electric and magnetic fields at the extremely low frequency (or ELF) end of the spectrum, such as those associated with our use of electric power. The term "EMF" can be used in a much broader sense as well, encompassing electromagnetic fields across the spectrum. When we use "EMF" in this brochure we mean extremely low frequency (ELF) electric and magnetic fields. We should note that in the ELF range, electric and magnetic fields are not coupled or interrelated in the same way that they are at higher frequencies, so it is actually more accurate to refer to them as "electric and magnetic fields" rather than as "electromagnetic fields." In the popular press, however, you will see both terms used, abbreviated as "EMF."
Electric fields from most appliances primarily create charges or current on or near the surface of the body and not in the internal organs. Magnetic fields, however, pass through the body and actually induce electrical currents within the body. We don't know exactly what effect, if any, this has on the different internal organs, but many studies are now underway to find out.
60 Hertz Electric And Magnetic Fields
It is relatively easy to shield people from exposure to electric fields using commonly available materials. Magnetic fields, however, can pass through anything. Even though both are present around appliances and power lines, more recent interest and research have focused on potential health and biological effects of magnetic fields of various strengths.
This publication presents information regarding magnetic fields associated with 60 hertz alternating current (AC) electric power -- that is, the kind of electric power we use in North America which flows back and forth or alternates at a rate of 60 times per second (60 hertz). We will not focus here on equipment that is powered by "direct current" (DC) such as battery-operated appliances. The magnetic fields created by direct current are primarily static; that is, they do not vary with time as do AC fields. Direct current (DC) magnetic fields have not raised as many questions about potential health concerns as have the time-varying fields created by alternating current (AC). We should point out, however, that some DC-powered equipment can produce alternating magnetic fields, but these are usually not 60 hertz fields.
Other Electromagnetic Frequencies
Although the information presented here has to do with the low frequency magnetic fields associated with 60 hertz electrical current, we should note that some appliances, such as microwave ovens, baby monitors, and video display terminals, use 60 hertz electrical energy to create other electromagnetic frequencies.
The measurements we give for microwave ovens, for example, describe the magnetic field that results from the 60 hertz electrical current used to operate the oven. We are not describing the magnetic field associated with the approximately three billion hertz microwaves inside the oven which heat the food and from which people are protected when the door is secured properly.
Oddly enough, we can be easily shielded from the higher frequency microwaves' magnetic fields, but not from the 60 hertz magnetic fields. This is because even though the microwave's frequency is higher, its length is much, much shorter (about 1 cm) than the wavelength of a 60 hertz field (about 5000 kilometers). The shorter wave can be blocked by materials such as thin metal sheets, whereas the much longer wave cannot.
Potential Health Concerns Associated With Electric and Magnetic Fields
Electric and magnetic fields from 60 hertz electric power (as well as microwaves and radio waves) are sometimes called non-ionizing radiation. The term "radiation" simply means energy transmitted by waves. "Ionizing" radiation has enough energy to strip electrons from atoms. (X-rays are a form of ionizing radiation.) Extremely low frequency EMF cannot do this. Higher frequency non-ionizing radiation, such as microwaves, can heat up biological tissue by vibrating molecules. The lower frequency 60 hertz EMFs cannot. Because of their relatively lower energy, 60 hertz EMFs were not, until recently, thought to be connected with any potential health problems.
There are no national standards in the United States for exposure to 60 hertz electromagnetic fields. Several states have formally adopted standards to limit the permissible magnetic strength along rights of way of electric transmission lines. Federal legislation has been enacted to establish and support national EMF research and public information programs, but no exposure standards have been proposed.
Some recent scientific studies have suggested a link -- a statistical association -- between exposure to 60 hertz EMFs and specific types of cancer, primarily leukemia and brain cancer. Other studies have found no such association (see Appendix B). In a sense, this can be compared to circumstantial evidence in a court of law. Laboratory studies have shown electromagnetic fields to affect cells in various ways, but whether these effects are important in terms of human health is still not clear. Almost everyone involved in EMF research agrees that much more needs to be learned before conclusions can be reached about the relative safety or harm of 60 hertz EMF exposure.
Some people doubt that the EMFs generated by 60 hertz electrical appliances and internal household wiring have any significant effect on human health, because they know that the earth's magnetic field, to which we are all constantly exposed, is stronger (sometimes over 100 times stronger) than the magnetic fields produced by many of the appliances listed in this publication. However, the earth's magnetic field is primarily a DC field rather than a time-varying field. Our bodies seem to react differently to these different types of fields so comparing them can be misleading.
At this point, we are not at all sure that exposure to EMFs such as we find in our everyday environment has an adverse effect on our health. However, we cannot say with certainty that such exposure is safe for us, either. More research is needed -- and is underway. Meanwhile, many people have expressed an interest in having information about everyday sources of EMF exposure. This booklet is in response to that interest.
MAGNETIC FIELD MEASUREMENTS OF EVERYDAY ELECTRICAL DEVICES
This publication gives information about the strength of the magnetic fields generated by everyday 60 hertz electrically powered equipment.
Appliances and Magnetic Field Strengths
Magnetic fields from individual appliances can vary considerably, depending on the way they were designed and manufactured. One brand of toaster, for example, may generate a much stronger magnetic field than another. The strength of the magnetic field is measured in units of gauss (G) or milligauss (mG). A milligauss is 1/1000th of a gauss. (The international standard unit is microtesla which is the same as 10 milligauss.)
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AREAS OF AVAILABILITY
NEW YORKNEW JERSY CONNECTICUT PENNSYLVANIA DELAWARE
MORRIS COUNTY WITH ZIP CODES IN MORRIS COUNTY NEW JERSEY NJ - BOONTON TOWN 07005 BOONTON TWP 07005 BUTLER 07405 CHATHAM BORO 07928 CHATHAM TWP 07928 CHESTER BORO 07930 CHESTER TWP 07930 DENVILLE 07834 DOVER 07801 EAST HANOVER 07936 FLORHAM PARK 07932 HOME INSPECTOR NJ HANOVER TWP 07936 HARDING 07940 JEFFERSON 07438 KINNELON 07405 LINCOLN PARK 07035 LONG HILL 07928 MADISON 07940 MENDHAM 07945 MINE HILL 07803 MONTVILLE 07045 MORRIS PLAINS 07950 MORRIS TWP 07960 MORRISTOWN 07960 MOUNT ARLINGTON 07856 MOUNT OLIVE 07828 PARSIPPANY 07054 TROY HILLS 07054 HOME INSPECTOR NJ PEQUANNOCK 07444 RANDOLPH 07869 RIVERDALE 07457 ROCKAWAY BORO 07866 ROCKAWAY TWP 07866 ROXBURY 07876 VICTORY GARDENS BORO 07801 WASHINGTON TWP 07853 WHARTON BORO 07885 WARREN COUNTY WITH ZIP CODES IN WARREN COUNTY NEW JERSEY - 07820 ALLAMUCHY 07823 BELVIDERE 07825 BLAIRSTOWN 07825 HARDWICK 07829 BUTTZVILLE 07831 CHANGEWATER 07832 COLUMBIA 07833 DELAWARE 07838 GREAT MEADOWS 07840 HACKETTSTOWN 07844 HOPE 07846 JOHNSONBURG 07863 OXFORD 07865 PORT MURRAY 07880 VIENNA 07882 WASHINGTON 08808 BROADWAY 08865 ALPHA 08865 PHILLIPSBURG 08886 STEWARTSVILLE
SOMERSET COUNTY WITH ZIP CODES
BERGEN COUNTY WITH ZIP CODES
WESTCHESTER COUNTY NEW YORK Amawalk 10501, Ardsley 10502, Ardsley Hdsn 10503, Ardsley on Hudson 10503, Armonk 10504, Baldwin Place 10505, Bedford 10506, Bedford Corners 10549, Bedford Cors 10549, Bedford Hills 10507, Briarcliff 10510, Briarcliff Manor 10510, Bronxville 10708, Buchanan 10511, Chappaqua 10514, Cortlandt Manor 10567, Cortlandt Mnr 10567, Crompond 10517, Cross River 10518, Croton Falls 10519, Croton Hdsn 10520, Croton Hdsn 10521, Croton on Hudson 10520, Croton on Hudson 10521, Crugers 10521, Dobbs Ferry 10522, Eastchester 10707, Eastchester 10709, Elmsford 10523, Fleetwood 10552, Goldens Brg 10526, Goldens Bridge 10526, Granite Spgs 10527, Granite Springs 10527, Harrison 10528, Hartsdale 10530, Hastings Hdsn 10706, Hastings on Hudson 10706, , Hawthorne 10532, Heathcote 10583, Irvington 10533, Jefferson Valley 10535, Jefferson Vly 10535, Katonah 10536, Larchmont 10538, Lincolndale 10540, Mamaroneck 10543, Maryknoll 10545, Millwood 10546, Mohegan Lake 10547, Montrose 10548, Mount Kisco 10549, Mount Vernon 10550, Mount Vernon 10551, Mount Vernon 10552, Mount Vernon 10553, N Tarrytown 10591, N White Plains 10603, N White Plns 10603, New Rochelle 10801, New Rochelle 10802, New Rochelle 10804, New Rochelle 10805, North Castle 10504, North Salem 10560, North Tarrytown 10591, Ossining 10562, Peekskill 10566, Pelham 10803, Pleasantville 10570, Port Chester 10573, Pound Ridge 10576, Purchase 10577, Purdys 10578, Rye 10580, , Rye Brook 10573, Scarborough 10510, Scarsdale 10583, Shenorock 10587, Shrub Oak 10588, Sleepy Hollow 10591, Somers 10589, South Salem 10590, Tarrytown 10591, Thornwood 10594, Tuckahoe 10707, Valhalla 10595, Verplanck 10596, W Harrison 10604, Waccabuc 10597, West Harrison 10604, White Plains 10601, White Plains 10602, White Plains 10603, White Plains 10604, White Plains 10605, White Plains 10606, White Plains 10607, White Plains 10610, Wykagyl 10804, Yonkers 10701, Yonkers 10702, Yonkers 10703, Yonkers 10704, Yonkers 10705, Yonkers 10706, Yonkers 10707, Yonkers 10708, Yonkers 10709, Yonkers 10710, Yorktown Heights 10598, Yorktown Hts 10598
ROCKLAND COUNTY NEW YORK Airmont 10952, Bardonia 10954, Bear Mountain 10911, Blauvelt 10913, Chestnut Rdg 10977, Chestnut Ridge 10977, Congers 10920, Garnerville 10923, Haverstraw 10927, Hillburn 10931, Monsey 10952, Montebello 10901, Nanuet 10954, New City 10956, Nyack 10960, Orangeburg 10962, Palisades 10964, Pearl River 10965, Piermont 10968, Pomona 10970, Sloatsburg 10974, Sparkill 10976, Spring Valley 10977, Stony Point 10980, Suffern 10901, Tallman 10982, Tappan 10983, Thiells 10984, Tomkins Cove 10986, Valley Cottage 10989, Vly Cottage 10989, W Haverstraw 10993, West Haverstraw 10993, West Nyack 10994
ORANGE COUNTY NEW YORK Arden 10910, Bellvale 10912, Blooming Grove 10914, Blooming Grv 10914, Bullville 10915, Campbell Hall 10916, Central Valley 10917, Central Vly 10917, Chester 10918, Circleville 10919, Cornwall 12518, Cornwall Hdsn 12520, Cornwall on Hudson 12520, Cuddebackville 12729, Cuddebackvlle 12729, Florida 10921, Fort Montgomery 10922, Ft Montgomery 10922, Godeffroy 12729, Goshen 10924, Greenwood Lake 10925, Greenwood Lk 10925, Harriman 10926, Highland Falls 10928, Highland Fls 10928, Highland Mills 10930 , Highland Mls 10930, Howells 10932, Huguenot 12746, Johnson 10933, Maybrook 12543, Mid Hudson 12555, Middletown 10940, Middletown 10941, Monroe 10949, Monroe 10950, Montgomery 12549, Mountainville 10953, New Hampton 10958, New Milford 10959, New Windsor 12553, Newburgh 12550, Newburgh 12551, Newburgh 12552, Newburgh 12553, Newburgh 12555, Otisville 10963, Pine Bush 12566, Pine Island 10969, Port Jervis 12771, Rock Tavern 12575 , Salisbury Mills 12577, Salisbury Mls 12577, Scotchtown 10940, Scotchtown 10941, Scotchtown Branch 10940, Scotchtown Branch 10941, Slate Hill 10973, Southfields 10975, Sparrow Bush 12780, Sparrowbush 12780, Sterling Forest 10979, Sterling Frst 10979, Sugar Loaf 10981, Thompson Rdg 10985, Thompson Ridge 10985, Tuxedo Park 10987, Unionville 10988, Vails Gate 12584, Walden 12586, Warwick 10990, Washingtonville 10992, Washingtonvle 10992, West Point 10996, West Point 10997, Westtown 10998
Barryville 12719, Bethel 12720, Bloomingburg 12721, Burlingham 12722, Callicoon 12723, Callicoon Center 12724, Callicoon Ctr 12724, Claryville 12725, Cochecton 12726, Cochecton Center 12727, Cochecton Ctr 12727, Eldred 12732, Fallsburg 12733, Ferndale 12734, Forestburgh 12777, Fremont Center 12736, Fremont Ctr 12736, Glen Spey 12737, Glen Wild 12738, Grahamsville 12740, Hankins 12741, Harris 12742, Highland Lake 12743, Hortonville 12745 , Hurleyville 12747, Jeffersonville 12748, Jeffersonvlle 12748, Kauneonga Lake 12749, Kauneonga Lk 12749, Kenoza Lake 12750, Kiamesha Lake 12751, Lake Huntington 12752, Lew Beach 12758, Liberty 12754, Livingstn Mnr 12758, Livingston Manor 12758, Lk Huntington 12752, Loch Sheldrake 12759, Loch Sheldrke 12759, Long Eddy 12760, Mongaup Valley 12762, Mongaup Vly 12762, Monticello 12701, Monticello 12777, Mountain Dale 12763, Narrowsburg 12764, Neversink 12765, North Branch 12766, Obernburg 12767, Parksville 12768, Phillipsport 12769, Pond Eddy 12770, Port Jervis 12785, Rock Hill 12775, Roscoe 12776, S Fallsburg 12779, Smallwood 12778, South Fallsburg 12779, Summitville 12781, Sundown 12740, Swan Lake 12783, Thompsonville 12784, Westbrookville 12785, Westbrookvlle 12785, White Lake 12786, White Sulphur Springs 12787, Wht Sphr Spgs 12787, Woodbourne 12788, Woodridge 12789, Wurtsboro 12790, Youngsville 12791, Yulan 12792
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